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Eoq Model

Introduction

The main advantage of the EOQ model is the customized recommendations provided regarding the most economical number of units per order. The model may suggest buying a larger quantity in fewer orders to take advantage of discount bulk buying and minimizing order costs.

What is the EOQ model?

Economic order quantity (EOQ) is the ideal quantity of units a company should purchase to meet demand while minimizing inventory costs such as holding costs, shortage costs, and order costs. This production-scheduling model was developed in 1913 by Ford W. Harris and has been refined over time.

What is EOQ and its formula?

The EOQ formula is as follows. EOQ = Square root of [(2 x demand x ordering cost) / carrying cost] Demand. The demand remains constant according to the assumptions made by EOQ. The demand is how much inventory is used per year or how many units are sold per year.

What is the purpose of the basic EOQ model?

The EOQ model seeks to ensure that the right amount of inventory is ordered per batch so a company does not have to make orders too frequently and there is not an excess of inventory sitting on hand.

What are the basic assumptions of the EOQ model?

The EOQ model assumes that demand is constant, and that inventory is depleted at a fixed rate until it reaches zero. At that point, a specific number of items arrive to return the inventory to its beginning level. Since the model assumes instantaneous replenishment, there are no inventory shortages or associated costs.

What are the factors of EOQ?

Factors that affect Economic Order Quantity
Reorder point. It is the time when you need to reorder another set of stock or replenish the existing stock. .
Purchase order lead time. .
Purchasing cost per unit. .
Stockouts. .
Quality costs. .
Demand. .
Relevant ordering cost. .
Relevant carrying cost.

What is EOQ and its advantages?

Also referred to as optimum lot size, the economic order quantity, or EOQ, is a calculation designed to find the optimal order quantity for businesses to minimize logistics costs, warehousing space, stockouts, and overstock costs. The formula is: EOQ = square root of: [2(setup costs)(demand rate)] / holding costs.

What are the assumptions & limitations of EOQ?

The Economic Order Quantity model holds certain assumptions on inventory practices and norms. First of all, the EOQ model assumes that there is a demand certainty regarding that specific product. So, it ignores potential seasonal fluctuations and behavioral changes that can affect the annual market demand.

What is maximum EOQ level?

To calculate maximum inventory levels, use the following formula: maximum inventory levels = reorder point + reorder quantity [minimum consumption × minimum lead time].

What Is Economic Order Quantity?

Disadvantage: Based on Assumptions

The EOQ model assumes steady demand of a business product and immediate availability of items to be re-stocked. It does not account for seasonal or economic fluctuations. It assumes fixed costs of inventory units, ordering charges and holding charges.

Conclusion

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